Landscape Architecture, Vol. 4, Issue 1, Dec  2021, Pages 1-12; DOI: https://doi.org/10.31058/j.la.2021.41001 https://doi.org/10.31058/j.la.2021.41001

Investigating the Consequences of Corona Outbreak from the Perspective of Economic Geography with Emphasis on Urban Economy in Iran

Landscape Architecture, Vol. 4, Issue 1, Dec  2021, Pages 1-12.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31058/j.la.2021.41001

Marziyeh Medhat 1* , Seyed Mahmood Misaghi 1 , Mohammad Taghipour 2

1 Department of Urban Planning, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, Iran

2 Department of Industrial Engineering, Ooj Institute of Higher Education, Qazvin, Iran

Received: 26 July 2021; Accepted: 28 August 2021; Published: 15 September 2021

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Abstract

Covid 19 is not only a global epidemic that has affected public health, but has also severely affected the global economy and financial markets. Significant declines in income, rising unemployment, and disruption of urban transportation, services, and manufacturing industries are among the consequences of the Covid 19 epidemic.  According to an initial forecast by the International Monetary Fund 2020, the global economy has shrunk by about 3% in 2020. These effects will be greater in developing countries and their metropolises than in developed countries. Therefore, this study is an attempt to explain the problems and consequences of urban economics in the face of the epidemic damage of Covid 19 as well as neglected issues that will be learned from the experience of the consequences of this epidemic in the field of economic geography for managers and the planners of urban economic development. The type of this research is descriptive-analytical in terms of method and applied in terms of purpose. The information contained in this research has been collected through library documents and the results have been achieved by analyzing them. The results show that as a result of the Covid 19 epidemic, the urban economy in Iran has suffered from a deep recession, the depth of which depends on the continuation of the disease. Urban economy in Iran from the perspective of urban governance in order to develop and finance the provision of urban services; The revenue side of the municipal budget, as well as the household economy, has suffered the most during the corona outbreak due to rising unemployment. In general, it can be said that most of the effects of Corona in Iran have been on the cities from a geographical point of view, and the economic sectors, especially the service sector, have suffered the most, in a way that recreation, transportation, tourism and services that actually deal with human communities and are influenced by the corona.

Keywords

Covid Epidemic 19, Urban Economics, Iran

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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