Health Research, Vol. 4, Issue 4, Dec  2020, Pages 26-38; DOI: https://doi.org/10.31058/j.hr.2020.44003 https://doi.org/10.31058/j.hr.2020.44003

Anthropometric Characteristics and Nutritional Status of Chadian Obese Children in a School Environment: Case of Moundou and Doba Cities

Health Research, Vol. 4, Issue 4, Dec  2020, Pages 26-38.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31058/j.hr.2020.44003

Mbaïnaïssem Denis 1* , Bouhika Eddie Janvier 2 , Moussouami Simplice Innocent 3 , Moussoki Jean Martin 4 , Hisseine Abdoulaye 4 , Mbemba François 1,2

1 Department of Food Processing and Agro-resources, Laboratory of the AUFs Center of Excellence (T2A, Food and Nutrition), Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Marien Ngouabi University, Brazzaville, Republic of Congo

2 Department of Food and Nutrition, Higher Institute of Physical and Sports Education, Marien Ngouabi University, Brazzaville, Republic of Congo

3 Unité de Recherche Sport Santé et Evaluation (UR/SSE), Institut de la Jeunesse et de l’Education Physique et du Sport (INJEPS), Université dAbomey Calavi, Cotonou, Bénin

4 Laboratory of Cellular and Molecular Biology, Faculty of Sciences and Technology, Marien Ngouabi University, Brazzaville, Republic of Congo

Received: 21 August 2020; Accepted: 10 September 2020; Published: 16 October 2020

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Abstract

Context: Today, excessive weight gain is considered a growing threat to developed countries, and those sending development. The problem of obesity affects all social strata of sex and age combined. This vulnerability is noted as much among the school children of the world, without however sparing those of Chad. The objective of this study was to determine the nature of the foods consumed by Chadian children suffering from obesity. Methodology: A total of 436 overweight and obese subjects recruited from 12 schools in the cities of Moundou and Doba formed the sample for this study. All children were subjected to anthropometric measurements and clinical examinations. Eating habits were measured using the 24h Recall. Results: The prevalence of overweight was 76.39%, that of obesity 23.61%. These results were obtained using the body mass index (BMI) formula. Thus, 68.11% had the abdominal perimeter <1m followed by 9.26% between 1.10m and 1.20m. There was a close relationship between BMI and the Abdominal Perimeter (p <0.0001). According to the results, (39.90%) did not practice sport; only 31.65% practiced football with a long time in front of the television. The surveys carried out made it possible to assess the frequency of meals for pupils in public and private primary schools in these two cities, consisting mainly of breakfast, lunch and dinner followed by afternoon tea and snacks. The consumption of fruits and vegetables was unfavorable. Dietary fiber was also little consumed. However, the consumption of foods such as starchy foods (32.79%), cereals (72.70%), animal proteins (54.58%), vegetable proteins (29.35%), sweet products (94.49%), dairy products (78.21%), sugary or carbonated drinks (66.28%) were more noticeable, a significant difference (p <0.001). In conclusion: Our results indicate that the nutritional status of Chadian school children is abnormal, the food consumed is a source of overweight and obesity. It is important to change eating habits in order to fight childhood obesity in Chad.

Keywords

Anthropometric Characteristics, Nutritional Status, School Environment, Obesity, Children, Chad

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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