Applied Chemistry, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Mar  2020, Pages 10-16; DOI:

Comparative Studies of the Adsorption of Dyes on Raw Fish Bone

Applied Chemistry, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Mar  2020, Pages 10-16.


Khin Ei Ei Thein 1* , Chit Chit Nyo 1 , Su Su Aung 2

1 Chemistry Department, University of Yangon, Yangon, Myanmar

2 Chemistry Department, Banmaw University, Banmaw , Myanmar

Received: 28 June 2020; Accepted: 15 July 2020; Published: 29 July 2020

Full-Text HTML | Download PDF | Views 39 | Download 23


The prepared raw fish bone was used as the effective sorbent for the removal of organic dyes. The waste fish bone was collected from the local market in Banmaw, Kachin State. Physicochemical properties of fish bone such as moisture, pH, bulk density and specific surface area were determined by recommended methods. Fish bone sample was characterized by modern techniques such as EDXRF and SEM analyses. Sorption studies of fish bone sample were carried out by spectrophotometric method. Two model dyes Congo red as acid dye and Malachite green as basic dye were used in sorption experiments. The effect of sorption parameters such as initial concentration, contact time and adsorbent dosage on the removal of specified colored dye was investigated. The maximum removal percent of Congo red was found to be 62.33% at the specified conditions such as initial dye concentration (50mgL-1), dosage (0.1g/20mL), and contact time (90min). In the case of Malachite green as sorbate, the maximum removal percent was detected as 76.04% under the conditions which were the same as sorbate Congo red.


Adsorption, Adsorbent, Dyes, Malachite Green, Congo Reds


© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


[1] Anielak, A.M. Adsorption of Acid Dyes on Active Carbon. Environment Science Research, New York and London: Plenum Press, 1996, 51, 527-534.

[2] Ayari,  F.; Srasra, E.; Ayadi, M.T. Characterization of Bentonite Clays and Their Uses as  Adsorbent. Desalination, 2005, 185, 391-395.

[3] Bakaev, V.A.; Steele, W.A. Langmuir Isotherm. Journal of  Scientific and Industrial Research, Department of Chemistry, India, 2012, 58, 13-77.

[4] Benaissa. H. Removal of Acid Dyes from Aqueous Solutions Using Orange Peel as a Sorbent Material. Ninth International Water Technology Conference, IWTC9, Sharm El - Sheikh, Egypt. 2005; pp.175-1187.

[5] Defay, R.; Prigogine, I.; Bellemans, A.I.; Everett, D.H. Surface Tension and Adsorption, London: 2009, 58, 857-859.

[6] Devarly, P. The Use of Activated Carbon Prepared from Jack Fruit Peel Waste for Methylene Blue Removal. J. Environmental  Protection  Science, 2008, 2, 1-10.

[7]Devaux, X. Adsorption of Basic Dye on Strongly Chelating Polymer: Batch Kinetic Studies. J. Dyes and Pigments, 1991, 60, 34-40. 

[8]Esin, C.; Filiz, K. Rapeseed Charcoal: Production And Characterization, Energy Sources, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey, 2000, 22, 625-630. 

[9]Lorenc, G.E. Adsorption Characteristics of Congo Red on Coal-Based  Mesoporous Activated Carbon. J. Dyes and Pigments, 2005, 74, 34-40.

[10]Mazharul, L.K. Basic Dye / Cationic Dye / Properties of Basic Dye. J. Dyes and Pigments, 2010, 80, 25-30.

Related Articles