Education Journal, Vol. 3, Issue 3, Sep  2020, Pages 30-37; DOI:

An Illocutionary Acts Analysis on Barack Obama's Speech

Education Journal, Vol. 3, Issue 3, Sep  2020, Pages 30-37.


Nguyen Van Thao 1 , Herman 2* , Ridwin Purba 3

1 Faculty of Philology, Hanoi Pedagogical University 2, Vinh Phuc, Vietnam

2 English Education Department, Universitas HKBP Nommensen, Medan, Indonesia

3 English Education Department, Universitas Simalungun, Pematangsiantar, Indonesia

Received: 31 March 2020; Accepted: 9 May 2020; Published: 15 May 2020

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This research is entitled Illocutionary Acts Analysis of Barack Obama’s Speeches. This research is conducted in order to analyze the utterances of Barack Obama’s Speeches. Speeches became an important media for a president like Barack Obama to deliver message, persuade people, influence audience. The speech making process involved a long discussion between Obama and a particular team since they should consider some language aspects such as lexical choices and sentence structure in order to achieve certain goals. Austin (1975:3) stated that there are three types of speech acts, namely locutionary, illocutionary, and perlocutionary acts. But in this paper, the researchers focus to illocutionary acts. Illocutionary act has five types, they are representatives, directives, commissives, expressive, and declarative (Searle in Leech, 1983:205). So the writer uses the types of illocutionary acts to analyze the utterances of Barack Obama’s Speeches. Problem discussed in this research is what types of illocutionary acts are found on Barack Obama’s speech. This research utilized Speech Act theory of Austin (1962) in analyzing the data. The researched data consisted of two selected speeches delivered by Barack Obama after Osama bin Ladens death: May 1, 2011 and at 2012 Democratic National Convention September 6 2012. And in this research, types of illocutionary acts in Barack Obama’s Speeches are found dominantly is representatives.


Illocutionary Act, Representatives, Directives, Commissives, Expressive, Declaratives


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