Urban Design, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Jun  2020, Pages 22-36; DOI: https://doi.org/10.31058/j.ud.2020.31002 https://doi.org/10.31058/j.ud.2020.31002

Promoting Resilience and Sustainability in the Metropolitan Area of San Salvador

, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Jun  2020, Pages 22-36.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31058/j.ud.2020.31002

José A. Chávez 1* , Yolanda Bichara 1 , Karla Miranda 1 , Boris Funes 1 , Ingrid Alfaro 1 , Mauricio Vasquez 1 , Carlos Calderon 1 , Tatiana Miranda 1 , Manuel Alfaro 1 , Rosa E. Minero 1 , Jiři Šebesta 2 , Jaroslav Lexa 3 , Thomáš Hroch 2 , Milan Lazecky 4

1 Planning Office of the Metropolitan Area of San Salvador, San Salvador, El Salvador

2 Czech Geological Survey, Prague, Czech Republic

3 Geological Institute SAS, Bratislava, Slovakia

4 IT4Innovations National Supercomputing Center, Ostrava-Poruba, Czech Republic

Received: 20 January 2020; Accepted: 22 May 2020; Published: 27 July 2020

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The Metropolitan Area of San Salvador in El Salvador has a growing vulnerability due to multiple hazards (landslides, floods, volcanic eruptions, earthquakes, erosion and climate change, water contamination and poor waste management), overpopulation with an accelerated and unplanned urban growth. These conditions prevent the economic, social and environmental growth of the country, challenging the Council of Majors and Planning Office of the Metropolitan Area of San Salvador (COAMSS/OPAMSS) to make adequate decisions about land use. The initiative aims to regulate land use including thematic such as sustainable buildings, public spaces, land use for soft mobility, geomorphology, geology, volcanology, hydrology, groundwater management, hydraulic, unsaturated soil mechanics and engineering geology for the control and planning of the territory. Some of the topics are already introduced in the metropolitan regulation, in order to prevent future problems and increase the quality of life of the population, searching and promoting resilience and sustainability for the Metropolitan Area. With the initiative, there has been an improvement in the decision making of the land use procedures and building a better city.


Metropolitan Area, Sustainability, Engineering Geology, Interferometry, Surface Dynamics, Urban Growth


© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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