Waters, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Jun  2020, Pages 15-32; DOI: https://doi.org/10.31058/j.water.2020.31002 https://doi.org/10.31058/j.water.2020.31002

The New Approach to Worldwide Electronic Meteorological Database Usage for Mass Hydrological Computations

Waters, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Jun  2020, Pages 15-32.

DOI: https://doi.org/10.31058/j.water.2020.31002

Karnatsevich Igor Vladislavovich 1* , Khrushchev Sergey Anatolyevich 2

1 Department of Geography and Methods of Teaching Geography, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Omsk State Pedagogical University, Omsk, Russia

2 Omsk branch of the Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Omsk, Russia

Received: 15 January 2020; Accepted: 22 March 2020; Published: 29 August 2020

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Abstract

In Eurasia, Africa, and both Americas, millions of unexplored hydrometric rivers operate. At the beginning of the XXI century, thanks to the publication of electronic databases, the development of a computer system for mass calculations of current water balances and calculations of evaporation and runoff over thousands of subsequent daily intervals, valuable and reliable hydrological information was discovered in the national meteorological databases. Until now, hydrologists all over the world could construct runoff hydrographs only from hydrometric data of daily measurements of water levels in a river. Now we get multi-year runoff hydrograph chains with daily resolution solely on the basis of weather station data. The World Meteorological Organization could lead the Global Project “Study of the water resources of unexplored rivers of all continents according to weather stations”, the result of which should be the “Atlas of World Water Resources of Local Flow”.

Keywords

Weather Station Database, Heat Balance Equation, Water Balance Equation, Elementary Local Runoff, Total Evaporation

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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