Health Research, Vol. 5, Issue 1, Mar  2021, Pages 1-8; DOI:

Awareness and Knowledge of Mothers Regarding Home Management of Diarrheal Disease for Children Less Than Five Years in Gaffer Ibnauf Specialized Children Hospital

Health Research, Vol. 5, Issue 1, Mar  2021, Pages 1-8.


Eiman Ahmed Saad Mohmed 1* , Mohammed Abdalla Ibrahim Abdalla 2

1 Pediatric Nursing Department, Sudan International University, Khartoum, Sudan

2 Faculty of Nursing Science, Shendi University, Shendi, Sudan

Received: 31 August 2020; Accepted: 6 November 2020; Published: 31 December 2020

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Background: Diarrhea is the major cause of morbidity and mortality among children less than 5 years of age. Adequate rehydration therapy is most important aspect of management. Home based Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT) prevents morbidity and mortality. In this study our objective was to assess the awareness and knowledge of mothers regarding home management of diarrheal disease for children less than five years in gaffer ibnauf specialized children hospital. Methods:This study was descriptive cross-sectional in gaffer ibnauf specialized children hospital. A questionnaire was provided to all the mothers admitted by child of gastroenteritis word.Results: A total of 50 mothers 60% of mothers have awareness understand the term childhood diarrhea. 52% of mothers were aware of signs of diarrhea. 48.0% of mothers aware the severe symptoms noticed in child with diarrhea. 40.0% of mothers identify the mode of diarrhea spread, and more than halve   mothers had poor knowledge. 52.0% of mother ware aware the danger of diarrhea. 42.0% of respondents were aware that dehydration is associatedwith acute loss of water and salt from the body. 52.0% of responder had a good knowledge about the management of diarrhea. 64.0% of the respondents were aware about the composition of oral rehydration therapy. 48.0% of the respondents had knowledge how to avoid some diet (like fat and fiber) in order to prevent diarrhea.Conclusions:The study concluded that mothers had good knowledge about definition,  signs, symptoms, main danger of diarrhea, composition of ORT, important of fluid and breastfeed continuation, and they had poor knowledge about the diet control  types of diarrheal diseases and mode of its transmission.


Awareness, Knowledge, Mothers, Management, Home, Diarrheal, Disease, Children


© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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