Education Journal, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Mar  2020, Pages 1-8; DOI:

Relationship Between Emotional Punishment, Instrumental Violence and Dating Violence Among Male and Female Undergraduate Students of University of Maiduguri

, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Mar  2020, Pages 1-8.


Nuhu Robert Kirtani 1* , Habu Haruna 2 , Nahshon Hananiah Likki 1

1 Department of Physical and Health Education, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria

2 Department of Nursing Science, University of Maiduguri, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria

Received: 20 November 2019; Accepted: 15 December 2019; Published: 7 January 2020

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Dating violence is a social and public health problem that is associated with negative physical and psychological health outcomes. The study examined the relationship between emotional punishment, instrumental violence and dating violence among male and female undergraduate students of university of Maiduguri. The study used a survey research design. Three hundred and eighty-four (384) copies of questionnaires were administered but three hundred and fifty-six (356) copies were retrieved, making 93% return rate. The analysis of the data collected was done using descriptive (charts, frequency counts and percentages) and inferential statistics (Chi-square). The result of the study revealed a significant relationship between emotional punishment, instrumental violence and dating violence among male and female undergraduate students [(x2= 12.945, P<0.05); (x2= 26.000, P<0.05)]. The researchers recommended that the safe dates program targeted to 100 and 200 levels, which reflects the suggested levels and age at which dating violence programs should be implemented by the Management of University of Maiduguri.


Emotional Punishment, Instrumental Violence, Dating Violence, Undergraduate Students


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