Agricultural Studies, Vol. 3, Issue 3, Dec  2019, Pages 63-68; DOI: 10.31058/j.as.2019.33003 10.31058/j.as.2019.33003

Proximate Composition and Fillets Yield of Four Fish Species from River Nile State (Sudan)

, Vol. 3, Issue 3, Dec  2019, Pages 63-68.

DOI: 10.31058/j.as.2019.33003

Haram Hassan Abbas Bakhiet 1* , Gasmalseed Farah Ahmed Farah 2

1 Department of Fisheries and Wildlife Science, College of Animal Production Science and Technology, Sudan University of Science and Technology, Khartoum North, Sudan

2 Ministry of Animal Resources and Rangeland, Department of fisheries Administration, River Nile State, Sudan

Received: 10 November 2019; Accepted: 1 December 2019; Published: 25 December 2019

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Abstract

The study was conducted during November 2018 - April 2019 in and around Berber locality which is located in River Nile State in the north western part of the Sudan, to determine the body weight composition, proximate analysis (moisture, protein, fat and ash). A Total of 100 fish sample, 25 fish per species of four commercial freshwater fish in Sudan, These were (Mormyrus caschive (Linnaeus, 1758) (Khashm al banat), Hyperopisus bebe (Lacepede, 1803) (Sawya), Marcusenius cyprinoides (Linnaeus, 1758) (Um shiffa) and Mormyrops anguilloides (Linnaeus, 1758) (Taraza). Samples were Scaled, Filleted, Cutting fins, Eviscerated, deheaded and Skeleton removed using sharp knives each part was weight separately using sensitive balance , Standard methods of Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC, 2005) was used for proximate composition analysis. Results of body weight composition revealed that Mormyrus anguilloides and Marusenius cyprinoides gave the highest percentages of fillets yield. (50%). While Hyperopisis bebe, Mormyrus caschive gave the lowest. (49%, 47%. respectively). In proximate composition, moisture of (Hyperopisus bebe, Mormyrus caschive, Marcusenius cyprinoides and Mormyrops anguilloides). Were (67.14±0.29, 67.05±0.17, 66.95±0.07 and 66.84±0.12. respectively). Protein of (Mormyrops anguilloides, Marcusenius cyprinoides, Mormyrus caschive and Hyperopisus bebe) were. (21.66±0.89, 21.19±0.40, 19.85±0.09 and 19.79±0.06. respectively). Fat of Mormyrus caschive, Hyperopisus bebe, Marcusenius cyprinoides and Mormyrops anguilloides  were (5.23±0.14, 5.16±0.07, 4.93±0.09 and 4.71±0.06. respectively). Ash of (Mormyrops anguilloides, Marcusenius cyprinoides, Hyperopisus bebe and Mormyrus caschive).were (2.23±0.08, 2.2±0.05, 1.98±0.10 and 1.96±0.11. respectively). They have significant difference in fish species and sex. (P˂0.05)

Keywords

Mormyrus Caschive, Hyperopisus Bebe, Marcusenius Cyprinoides, Mormyrops Anguilloides

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

References

[1] The study was conducted during November 2018 - April 2019 in and around Berber locality which is located in River Nile State in the north western part of the Sudan, to determine the body weight composition, proximate analysis (moisture, protein, fat and ash). A Total of 100 fish sample, 25 fish per species of four commercial freshwater fish in Sudan, These were (Mormyrus caschive (Linnaeus, 1758) (Khashm al banat), Hyperopisus bebe (Lacepede, 1803) (Sawya), Marcusenius cyprinoides (Linnaeus, 1758) (Um shiffa) and Mormyrops anguilloides (Linnaeus, 1758) (Taraza). Samples were Scaled, Filleted, Cutting fins, Eviscerated, deheaded and Skeleton removed using sharp knives each part was weight separately using sensitive balance , Standard methods of Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC, 2005) was used for proximate composition analysis. Results of body weight composition revealed that Mormyrus anguilloides and Marusenius cyprinoides gave the highest percentages of fillets yield. (50%). While Hyperopisis bebe, Mormyrus caschive gave the lowest. (49%, 47%. respectively). In proximate composition, moisture of (Hyperopisus bebe, Mormyrus caschive, Marcusenius cyprinoides and Mormyrops anguilloides). Were (67.14±0.29, 67.05±0.17, 66.95±0.07 and 66.84±0.12. respectively). Protein of (Mormyrops anguilloides, Marcusenius cyprinoides, Mormyrus caschive and Hyperopisus bebe) were. (21.66±0.89, 21.19±0.40, 19.85±0.09 and 19.79±0.06. respectively). Fat of Mormyrus caschive, Hyperopisus bebe, Marcusenius cyprinoides and Mormyrops anguilloides were (5.23±0.14, 5.16±0.07, 4.93±0.09 and 4.71±0.06. respectively). Ash of (Mormyrops anguilloides, Marcusenius cyprinoides, Hyperopisus bebe and Mormyrus caschive).were (2.23±0.08, 2.2±0.05, 1.98±0.10 and 1.96±0.11. respectively). They have significant difference in fish species and sex. (P˂0.05)

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