Agricultural Studies, Vol. 4, Issue 1, Feb  2020, Pages 20-26; DOI:

Proximate Analysis of Some Exotic Plant Species Grown in the Tropics

Agricultural Studies, Vol. 4, Issue 1, Feb  2020, Pages 20-26.


Ubong Ime Udoakpan 1* , Daniel Etim Jacob 1 , Kufre Edet Okon 1 , Amoo Deborah Olajumoke 2 , Imaobong Ufot Nelson 3

1 Forestry and Wildlife Department, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria

2 Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomosho, Nigeria

3 Biodiversity Preservation Center, Uyo, Nigeria

Received: 12 December 2019; Accepted: 2 February 2020; Published: 15 March 2020

Full-Text HTML | Download PDF | Views 68 | Download 41


The objective of this study was to determine the nutritive contents of Ixora coccinea, Tectona grandis and Duranta repens plants. Samples of I. coccinea, T. grandis and Duranta repens were collected from the University of Uyo. The samples were cleaned with distilled water and ovendried, then grind to fine powder for proximate analysis. The crude protein content, crude fiber content, moisture content, and ash contents of the samples were determined according to the Association of Official Analytical Chemists methods. The results indicated that crude protein, crude fiber, moisture and ash contents were significant (p < 0.05). I. coccinea, T. grandis and D. repens have some dietary contents which may be beneficial to animal health.


Forage Species, Proximate Analysis, Duranta Repens, Tectonal Grandis and Ixora Coccinea


© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


[1]Ahmed, K.; M. Shaheen, F.; Mirzaei, Z.I.; Khan, S.; Gondal, A.; Fardous, A.; Hussain, F.A.; Mehmood, T. Proximate analysis: Relative feed values of various forage plants for ruminants from semi-arid region of Punjab, Pakistan. Agricultural Sciences, 2013, 4, 302-308.

[2]Mushtaq, A.Q.; Rahmatullah, A.; Muhammad, A.K.; Muhammad, Z. Traditional herbal remedies used for the treatment of diabetes from district Attock (Pakistan). Pakistan Journal of Botany, 2009, 41, 2777-2782.

[3]Mbaya, Y.P.; Hussaini, A.S.; Shehu, A.J. Acceptance of Aerial yam (Dioscorea bulbifera L.) for food in Biu Emirate Council, Borno State, Nigeria. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 2013, 3(10), 18-22.

[4]Eze, S.M. The effect of season on the chemical composition of some forage grasses and legumes found in Nsukka derived savannah zone of Nigeria. B. Agric project report. Department of Crop Science University of Nigeria, Nsukka. 2010; pp. 60.

[5]McDonald, P.; Edwards, R.A.; Green Halgh J.F.D.; Morgan, C.A. Animal Nutrition. 5th Edn., Longman, London, 1998; pp. 602.

[6]Onyeonagu, C.C.; Eze, S.M. Proximate compositions of some forage grasses and legumes as influenced by season of harvest. African J. Agric. Res. 2013, 8, 4033-4037.

[7]AOAC. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th Edition. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington DC, 1990.

[8]FAO. Protein Sources for the Animal Feed Industry. Proceedings Expert Consultation and Workshop Bangkok, 29 April - 3 May 2002, 2003. Available online: (accessed on 13 February 2019).

[9]Minson, D.J. The digestibility and voluntary intake of six varieties of Panicum. Australian Journal of Experimental Agriculture and Animal Husbandry, 1971, 11, 18-24.

[10]NRC. Nutrients Requirements of beef cattle (17th edition) National Academy Press, Washington D.C. USA, 1985.

[11]Van Soest, P.J. Nutritional Ecology of the Ruminant; Comstock Publishing Associates A division of Comell University press. LTTIECA and London, 1994.

[12]Imeh, U.; Khokhar, S. Distribution of conjugated and free phenols in fruits: Antioxidant activity and cultivar variations. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 2002, 50, 6301-6306.

[13]Johnson, E. Anwanabasi Udoh, Emmanuel Etim, Emmanuel Attih and Imoiboho Williams. Phytochemical Studies, Proximate and Mineral Composition of Ethanol Leaf Extract of Duranta repens Linn (Verbenaceae). Research Journal of Phytochemistry, 2018, 12, 1-6.

[14]Kilcher, M.R. Plant development, stage of maturity and nutrient composition. Journal of Range Management, 1981, 34, 363-364.

[15]Liu, Y.Z. Study on the dynamic features of nutritive substances in Inner Mongolia Steppe. Grassland of China, 1993, 4, 16-20.

[16]Nagra, S.S.; Shingari, B.K.; Ichhponani, J.S. Feeding of guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) meal to poultry. 1. Growth ofcommercial broiler chicks. Ind. J Poult. Sci. 1985, 20, 188-193.

[17]Marty, J.; Vernay, M. Absorption and metabolism of volatile fatty acids in the hind gut of the rabbit. Brit. J. Nutr. 1984, 51, 265-277.

Related Articles