Waters, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Dec  2019, Pages 67-80; DOI: 10.31058/j.water.2019.11005 10.31058/j.water.2019.11005

Bacteriological Variables in Community Water Bodies in New Juaben Municipality in the Eastern Region of Ghana

, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Dec  2019, Pages 67-80.

DOI: 10.31058/j.water.2019.11005

Joan Danquah 1* , Francis Arthur Baidoo 2 , Solomon Boachie 3 , Emmanuel Owusu 4 , Benson Kwabena Owusu 5

1 Department of Science Education, Seventh Day Adventist College of Education, Koforidua, Ghana

2 Department of Science Education, Wiawso College of Education, Sefwi Wiawso, Ghana

3 Department of Chemistry, St. Ambrose College of Education, Wamfie, Ghana

4 Department of Science, Presbyterian College of Education, Akropong Akuapem, Ghana

5 Department of Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Water Research Institute, Accra, Ghana

Received: 5 December 2019; Accepted: 8 December 2019; Published: 24 December 2019

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Abstract

The quality of water is of vital concern for mankind since it is directly linked with human welfare. The most common risk to human health associated with water systems is the presence of disease causing microorganisms. This study evaluates Bacteriological Variables in Community Water Bodies in New Juaben Municipality in the Eastern Region of Ghana. Ten (10) drinking water sources sampling sites were purposively sampled and assessed over a period of six months. Bacteriological analysis for the study was done at the Microbiology Laboratory, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) Water Research Institute, Accra. The study revealed that bacterial pollution of the waters was high above the WHO World Health Organisation (WHO) recommended standard for drinking water quality of zero bacteria in 100ml of drinking water. Mean values were between 26.8 and 4850.5 for Total Coliform (TC); 6.3 and 2799.2 for Faecal coliform (FC); 11.3 and 1243.0 for Escherichia coli (E. coli); 33.2 and 6641.0 for Total Heterotrophic Bacteria (THB) in coliform forming units (cfu) respectively. The study recommended that, there should be regular monitoring, treatment and testing of the water quality of the sources of drinking water as well the maintenance of the existing boreholes, pipes and wells in the study communities by GWCL and WATSAN officials to minimize the level of microbial and chemical contamination so that water related diseases could be prevented in this area. Also, source of pipe-borne water is lacking and so should be improved or the coverage should be increased.

Keywords

Bacteriological, Microbiology, Community, Water Bodies, New Juaben Municipality, Eastern Region, Ghana

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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