Education Journal, Vol. 2, Issue 4, Dec  2019, Pages 77-95; DOI: 10.31058/j.edu.2019.24002 10.31058/j.edu.2019.24002

Correlational Analysis of Job Satisfaction and Emotional Intelligence on Librarians’ Productivity in Nigerian Public Universities

, Vol. 2, Issue 4, Dec  2019, Pages 77-95.

DOI: 10.31058/j.edu.2019.24002

Japheth Abdulazeez Yaya 1* , George Ogheneruemu Onyenania 2

1 JC Pool Library, the Nigerian Baptist Theological Seminary, Ogbomoso, Nigeria

2 Yaba College of Technology, Library Unit, Yaba, Nigeria

Received: 23 November 2019; Accepted: 15 December 2019; Published: 30 December 2019

Full-Text HTML | Download PDF | Views 253 | Download 152

Abstract

Productivity of workers is fundamental to economic growth and it is hallmark for development of any organization, it is demanded by management of such workplace. Librarians’ productivity in any university library is fundamental to the growth of such university, this could be greatly enhanced when such librarian has high level of job satisfaction and be emotionally balanced. The study  investigated the impact of job satisfaction and emotional intelligence on the productivity of librarians in Nigerian public university libraries. It specifically focused on the relationship between job satisfaction and productivity of librarians on one hand, as well as the relationship between emotional intelligence and productivity of librarians on the other hand, in public university libraries in Nigeria. The paper adopted the correlational survey research design. Its population consisted of 1,254 librarians in public university libraries in Nigeria, from which 923 were selected using simple random sampling. The research instrument used was a self-developed questionnaire. A response rate of 67.2% was achieved. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.  The study revealed a combined relationship between emotional intelligence and job satisfaction on the productivity of librarians in public university libraries in Nigeria. It concluded that a librarian with high level of job satisfaction and has good knowledge of his or her emotion i.e. able to manage and control it will experience higher productivity in the workplace – university library. The study recommended that university library management should continue to promote values that would boost emotional intelligence and job satisfaction that would  enhance productivity of its workforce, and that no faculty member should be given undue attention at the expense of others. In other words, every faculty (librarians inclusive) should be treated equally.

Keywords

Productivity, Librarian’s Productivity, Job Satisfaction, Emotional Intelligence, Emotional Intelligence Competencies, Librarians, Public University Libraries, Nigeria

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

References

[1] Parham, D.Definition, importance and determinants of productivity. 2014. Available online:http://s3.amazonaws.com/zanran_storage/economics.adelaide.edu.au/ContentPages/2523797741.pdf (accessed 22 July 2017).

[2] Gamlath, G.R.M.; Kaluarachchi, I.P. Factors affecting job satisfaction: a study of export manufacturing organizations of biyagama free trade zone in Sri-Lanka, 2014.

[3] Ademodi, D.T.; Akintomide, O.A. A Comparative study of levels of jobsatisfaction among librarians in private and public universities in Ondo State. Journal of Information and Knowledge Management,2015, 5(11), 1-9.

[4] Vijayabanu, U.; Swaminathan, V.D. Relationship between job satisfaction and organizational commitment on coping with organizational change. International Journal of Information Research and Review, 2016, 3(1), 1636-1639.

[5] Somvir, S.K.; Kaushik, S. Job Satisfaction among Library Professionals inHaryana State. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 2012, 2(5), 1-4.

[6] Masrek, M.N.; Abdullah-Sani, M.J.; Jamaludin, A. Emotional Intelligence and Occupational Performance among Malaysian Librarians. Malaysia: Research Management Institute (RMI) UniversitiTeknologi Mara, 2012.

[7] National Universities Commission. List of Nigerian universities and yearsfounded. 2015. Available online:http://www.nuc.edu.ng/pages/universities.asp (accessed 23 August2016).

[8] Babalola, G.A.; Nwalo, K.I.N. Influence of job motivation on the productivity of librarians in colleges of education in Nigeria. Information and Knowledge Management, 2013, 3(5), 70-75.

[9] Okonedo, S.; Popoola, S.O.; Emmanuel, S.O.; Bamigboye, O.B.Correlational analysis of demographic factors, self-concept and research productivity of librarians in public universities in South-West, Nigeria.International Journal of library Science,2015, 4 (3), 43-52.

[10] Zelenski, J. M.; Murphy, S.A.; Jenkins, D.A.The happy-productive worker thesis revisited. Journal of Happiness Studies,2008, 9(4), 521-37.

[11] Tam, M.; Rigsbee, E.D.A Happy worker is a productive worker. 2013. Available online: http://www.rigsbee.com/employeeproductivityarticle75.htm (accessed 19 December2019).

[12] Addady, M.Study: Being happy at work really makes you more productive. 2015. Available online: http://fortune.com/2015/10/29/happy-productivity-work/ (accessed 19 December2019).

[13] Leviticus, J.Top problems that affect employee productivity, 2014.

Available online: http://everydaylife.globalpost.com/top-problems-affect-employeeproductivity-13627.html (accessed 25 July2018)

[14] Goleman, D. Daniel Golemans five components of emotional intelligence.1998. Available at: http://www.sonoma.edu/users/swijtlink/teaching/philosophy.../goleman.htm (accessed 17 August2019).

[15] Goleman,D. An EI-based theory of performance. 2002. Available online: http://www.eiconsortium.org/reprints/ei_theory_performance.html(accessed 17 August2019).

[16] Ziv, T. What is Emotional competence? 2014.

Available online: http://www.drtaliaziv.com/9.html (accessed 25 July2019).

[17] Goleman, D. Emotional Intelligence: Why It Can Matter More than IQ. 1995.

Available online: https://www.goodreads.com/book/show/26329.Emotional_Intelligence (accessed 19 December2019).

[18] Azuka, B.F.; Kurumeh, M.S. Effects of emotional intelligence skills acquisition on students’ achievement in senior secondary school geometry in Keffi education zone, Nasarrawa State, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Education and E-Learning, 2015, 243-257.

[19] Sahdat, M.; Sajjad, S.I.; Farooq, M.U.; Rehman, K. Emotional intelligence and organizational productivity: A Conceptual study.World Applied Sciences Journal,2011, 15(6), 821-825.

[20] Kahtani, A.A. Employee emotional intelligence and employee performance in the higher education institutions in Saudi Arabia: A Proposed theoretical framework. International Journal of Business and Social Science,2013, 4(9), 81-95.

[21] Orluwene, G.W.; Wachikwu, T. Dimensions of Emotional Intelligence asPredictors of Job Involvement among Teachers.International Journal of Development and Emerging Economics, 2014, 2(1), 8-18.

[22] Zaki, A.R.; Hasan, S.S.; Manzoor, M.Influence of emotional intelligence onemployees’ leadership skills–strategic approach towards organizational stability. Journal of Business and Management (IOSR-JBM), 2012, 4(3), 32-40.

[23] EBSCO Competency Center. Emotional intelligence and relationships. 2013. Available onlinehttp://www.ebscohost.com (accessed 19 December, 2019).

[24] Ghoniem, A.; ElKhouly, S.; Mohsen, G.; Ibrahim, M.Impact of emotionalintelligence and gender on job satisfaction among Egyptian Government sector employees. Current Research Journal of Social Sciences, 2011, 3(1), 22-27

[25] Cekmecelioglu, H.G.; Gunsel, A.;Ulutas, T. Effects of emotional intelligence on job satisfaction: an empirical study on call center employees. Procedia– Social andBehavioural Sciences,2012, 58, 363-369.

[26] Mousavi, S.H.; Yarmohammadi, S., Nosrat, A.B.; Tarasi, Z. TheRelationship between emotional intelligence and job satisfaction of physical educationteachers. Annals of Biological Research,2012, 3 (2), 780-788.

[27] Emdady, M.; Bagheri, N. The relation between emotional intelligence and jobsatisfaction. European Journal of Experimental Biology. 2013, 3 (1), 554-558.

[28] Khan, N. A.; Parveen, S. A Comparative study of job satisfaction of employees in public and private sector banks in India concerning U.P. State. Science International,2014, 26(2), 813-820.

[29] Khugshal, R.; Rawat, B.; Chaubey, D.S. Emotional intelligence and its relationship with job performance: An empirical study. Asia Pacific Journal of Marketing &Management Review, 2014, 3 (8), 47-59.

[30] Orhan, N.; Dincer, H.The Impacts of emotional intelligence competency on job satisfaction in the service sector: An Application on the Turkish banking sector.Asian Economic and Financial Review,2014, 2 (5), 617-634.

[31] Quang, H.N.; Khuong, M.N.; Le, N. H.The Effects of leaders’ emotionalintelligence on employee engagement in Vietnamese construction companies – A Case of HoaBinh Corporation. Journal of Economics, Business and Management, 2015, 3(8), 746-752.

[32] Rebello, F.S.Emotional intelligence and employee productivity: An Educator’sperspective. Faculty of Commerce and Management Studies, 1-6. 2011. Available online: http://www.kln.ac.lk/fcms/ICBI2011/ICBI%20CD/ICBI%202011/Papers/HRM%20937.pdf (accessed 19 December2019).

[33] Kafetsiosa, K.; Zampetakis, L.A. Emotional intelligence and job satisfaction:Testing the mediatory role of positive and negative affect at work. Personal IndividualDifferences,2008, 44, 712-722.

[34] Ogungbeni, J.; Ogungbo, W.; Yaya, J.A.Emotional intelligence, job satisfaction, and librarians performance. Journal of Research in Education and Society,2013, 4(1), 53-61.

[35] Goleman, D. Emotional Intelligence. New York: Bentam Book.2005. ISBN: 0-553-37858

[36] Swanson, A.; Zobisch, P.Emotional intelligence understanding amongReal estate professionals. Global Journal of Business Research,2014, 8(5), 9-16.

[37] Mayer, J. D.; Salovey, P.Perceiving affective content in ambiguous visualstimuli: A component of emotional intelligence. Journal of Personality Assessment,1990, 54, 772-781.

[38] Yong, B.Relationship between Emotional Intelligence, Motivation, Integrity,Spirituality, Mentoring and Servant Leadership practices. Arts and Sciences Journal,2013, 2013, 1-6.

[39] Javidparvar, L.; Hosseini, T.A.; Berjisian, R.The Relationship between emotional intelligence and leadership performance in primary schools managers of Isfahan. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 2013, 3(8), 1-10.

[40] Gunu, U.; Oladepo, R.O. Impact of Emotional intelligence on employees’performance and organizational commitment: A Case study of Dangote flour mills workers. University of Mauritius Research Journal, 2014, 20, 1-32.

[41] Yaya, J.A.Job Satisfaction among Librarians in Nigerian Public Universities. Journal of Library Services and Technologies, 2019, 1 (1), 73-92.

[42] Cheng, T.Research methods part 4: The correlational design. 2016.

Available online: http://www.psych2go.net/research-methods-part-4-the-correlational-design/ (19 December2019)