Education Journal, Vol. 2, Issue 3, Sep  2019, Pages 51-66; DOI: 10.31058/ 10.31058/

The Effect of Activating Background Knowledge in Reading Comprehension at the Second Semester Students of University of HKBP Nommensen Pematangsiantar

, Vol. 2, Issue 3, Sep  2019, Pages 51-66.

DOI: 10.31058/

David Togi Hutahaean 1*

1 English Education Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, University of HKBP Nommensen Medan, Indonesia

Received: 25 October 2019; Accepted: 15 November 2019; Published: 30 November 2019

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The purpose of the study is to investigate the effect of activating background knowledge in students’ ability in reading comprehension in narrative text. Reading comprehension is assumed as one of the most difficult skill since students are difficult to comprehend what the text is about. The problem occurred in this research was students were unable to comprehend the text, identify the main idea, and also about the vocabulary. Theories used to solve the problem were Burns (2012:12), Fisher and Frey (2009), Patel and Jain (2008) and Moreillon (2007). This researched used descriptive quantitative research. Data were the control and experimental class. After analyzing the data, the researcher found that the mean of pre-test in experimental group was 56.09and post-test in experimental class was 78.53. while the mean of pre-test in control group was 54.76 and the mean of post- test in control group was 74.16.Standard deviation of pre-test in experimental group was 4.40 and standard deviation of post-test in control group was 4.38 and standard deviation of post-test in control group was 4.14.The comparison of the mean in the whole of experimental class and control class was the mean of experimental class was 17.86 and the mean of control class was 15.76. The comparison of the standard deviation in the whole of experimental and control group was, the standard deviation of experimental group was 94.54 and standard deviation of control group was 72.73. In order to know the effect of Activating Background Knowledge in reading comprehension, the mean and the standard deviation were calculated by using t-test formula and the result was 6.47 and t-table was 1.67. It means that 6.47 >1.67. So, there was a significantly effect of activating background knowledge in reading comprehension.


Activating Background Knowledge, Effect, Narrative, Reading Comprehension


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