Agricultural Studies, Vol. 3, Issue 2, Aug  2019, Pages 11-22; DOI: 10.31058/j.as.2019.32001 10.31058/j.as.2019.32001

Improving Global Competitiveness of China in Wheat Export by Increasing Wheat Quality

Agricultural Studies, Vol. 3, Issue 2, Aug  2019, Pages 11-22.

DOI: 10.31058/j.as.2019.32001

Jošt Marijan 1* , Vesna Samobor 2 , Mirjana Mužić 3 , Duška Ćurić 4 , Lidija Drobac 5

1 Jost Seed-Research Co, Krizevci, Croatia

2 College of Agriculture at Krizevci, Krizevci, Croatia

2 Faculty of Food Technology and Biotechnology, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia

Received: 24 June 2019; Accepted: 23 July 2019; Published: 22 August 2019

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Abstract

Technological value of wheat grain and flour, are affected by the a) genotype, b) environment, and c) agronomic management. China, the biggest wheat producer, due to lack of quality germ-plasm still import HRW from the US. The Chinese government considers food self-sufficiency as “a matter of national security”, and its great goal is to stop importing wheat, and even to become one of the leading wheat exporter. To achieve that goal, China has to have overproduction of high quality hard red wheat. In Croatia, as a results of long term breeding effort on high grain protein, a number of new high yieldind and good quality germ-plasm were developed, tested, described and the cultivar ownership offered for sale. Beside the Panonic plato this germ-plasm is well adapted also to some winter wheat growing regions in China. Plato of Panonic region, with rich soil and the semiarid climate is suitable for HRW production. By adequate investment, HRW production in Panonic region can provide wheat for export to the biggest wheat importer Egypt, and at the same time, the status of wheat exporter to the investor.

Keywords

Winter Wheat for Export, High Yield, High Grain Protein, Wide Adaptability

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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