Data Research, Vol. 3, Issue 2, Apr  2019, Pages 13-19; DOI: 10.31058/ 10.31058/

A Study of Human’s Relax Affection in Different Natural Landscape Photos - Evidences from Neuroscience

, Vol. 3, Issue 2, Apr  2019, Pages 13-19.

DOI: 10.31058/

Chinfei Huang 1 , Chuanchuan Chang 1 , Weiyin Chang 2*

1 Graduate Institute of Science Education & Environmental Education, National Kaohsiung Normal University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

2 Forestry College, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou, China

Received: 15 December 2018; Accepted: 20 February 2019; Published: 18 March 2019

Full-Text HTML | Download PDF | Views 304 | Download 182


This study aims to explore human’s relax affection reflection in different natural landscape. There are 43 adults participated in this study (Mean ± S.D. = 33.4 ± 8.4 years old; male=22, female=21). All participants were volunteers and signing the volunteer consents. In this study, the participants were asked to watch different landscape photos with wearing the brain wave cap to collect their neuroscience data. There were four photo materials in this study. Photo A demonstrated the landscape of sea and land. Photo B demonstrated the whole view of sea. Photo C is focused on trees in the land and photo D is focused on the grassland. The participants perused these photos for 1 minute randomly and took 5 minutes break when perused different photos. In this study, we collected and analyzed 43 participants’ neuroscience data when they perused all these photos. The results showed that the participants who watched photo B got higher amplitude of brain wave in relax emotion than watching photo A, C and D.  Besides, the participants who watched photo D got higher amplitude of brain wave in relax emotion than watching photo C. The further implication will be showed in the presentation.


Affection, Landscape, Neuroscience, Relax


© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


[1] Yang D.; Chen C. C.; Ma M. Y. Exploring the effect of tourism promotional film on visiting intention. Proceedings of the 7th international conference on Kansei Engineering and Emotion Research 2018, 259-266.
[2] Rodriguez M.; Kohen R.; Delval J. Children’s and adolescents’ thoughts on pollution: congnitive abilities required to understand environmental systems. Environmental Education Research, 2014, 21(1), 76-91.
[3] Duan R.; Chen K.; Hong X.; Yan C.; Lan S., Optimization strategy of rural landscape based on landscape perception. Protection Forest Science and Technology 2017, 1. Available online: (accessed on 15 December 2018).
[4] Sarabia-Sanch ez F. J.; Rodrigues-Sanchez C. R. The role of credibility and negative feelings in comparative perceptual bias related to environmental hazards. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 2016, 47, 1-13.
[5] Zhang X.; Zuo B.; Erskine K.; Hu T., Feeling light or dark? Emotions affect perception of brightness. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 2016, 47, 107-111.
[6] Liu C. J.; Huang C. F.; Liu M. C.; Chien Y. C.; Lai C. H.; Huang Y. M. Does gender influence emotions resulting from positive applause feedback in self-assessment testing? Evidence from neuroscience. Educational Technology & Society. 2015, 18(1), 337-350.
[7] Cicconetti P.; Ciotti V.; Tafaro L.; Ettorre E.; Chiarotti F.; Priami C.; Marigliano V. Event related brain potentials in elderly patients with recently diagnosed isolated systolic hypertension. Clinical Neurophysiology, 2007, 118(4), 824-832.
[8] George M, You can relax and avoid stress. The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc. 2017.
[9] Shamuganathan S.; Karpudewan, M. Science writing heuristics embedded in green chemistry: a tool to nurture environmental literacy among pre-university students. Chemistry Education Research and Practice, 2017, 18, 386-396.
[10] Bamberg, S.; Möser, G. Twenty years after Hines, Hungerford, and Tomera: A new meta-analysis of psycho-social determinants of pro-environmental behaviour. Journal of environmental psychology, 2007, 27(1), 14-25.
[11] Han H. The norm activation model and theory-broadening: Individual’s decision-making on environmentally-resonsible convention

Related Articles