Education Journal, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Mar  2019, Pages 12-20; DOI: 10.31058/j.edu.2019.21002 10.31058/j.edu.2019.21002

Exploring the Effect of Different Team Compositions on Team Motivation, Student Satisfaction and Performance in Team Practical Activities

, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Mar  2019, Pages 12-20.

DOI: 10.31058/j.edu.2019.21002

Pedro J.M. Moreta 1 , Susana Lopez-Querol 2*

1 College of Engineering, Design and Physical Sciences, Brunel University, London, England

2 Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University College London, London, England

Received: 7 March 2019; Accepted: 5 April 2019; Published: 15 April 2019

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Abstract

The main source of diversity in engineering education usually is the distinct level of motivation, which sometimes causes lack of engagement. Working in motivated teams is likely to enhance the overall performance of the whole group. The aim of this paper is to find the best composition of teams in practical activities proposed in the classroom for engineering students to enhance team motivation. The experience with a group of Civil Engineering students at the University of West London is presented as a case study. This group was very diverse in the level of individual motivation. In this experiment, the whole group was split in two subgroups, and each one divided in teams of 3 people. For one of the subgroups, the distribution in teams was forced by the lecturer, while for the second one the students were allowed to freely distribute themselves. All teams were requested to solve a practical activity, consisting of the classification of several soils according to three different systems, based on experimental data equally provided to all the students. The different results obtained for both configurations of teams show an overall better performance for the “forced” composition, with a higher level of student satisfaction on the activity and on their achieved learning.

Keywords

Team Motivation, Engineering Education, Teaching Methods

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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