Agricultural Studies, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Feb  2019, Pages 1-10; DOI: 10.31058/j.as.2019.31001 10.31058/j.as.2019.31001

Development the Set of Criteria for Forest Fire Risk Mapping in the Zagros Region of Iran

, Vol. 3, Issue 1, Feb  2019, Pages 1-10.

DOI: 10.31058/j.as.2019.31001

Sajad Alimahmoodi Sarab 1 , Jahangir Feghhi 1* , Afshin Danehkar 2

1 Department of forestry, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Department of Environmental Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

Received: 22 November 2018; Accepted: 15 January 2019; Published: 1 March 2019

Full-Text HTML | Download PDF | Views 179 | Download 107

Abstract

A list of criteria that effected on forest fire risk, based on literature was designed and then Delphi questionnaire was performed for expert evaluation. The results were shown that after analysis of the existing literature in combination with the fire regime of the study area, 5 criteria and 17 sub-criteria were selected. According to these criteria, a Delphi questionnaire was prepared and sent to fire protection experts for evaluation. Subsequently, a criteria-importance diagram was created based on the ‘importance percentage’ and the ‘importance rank’ of the criteria under study. The results showed that the type of vegetation cover was the most important criterion (32.62% importance percentage) and the air humidity was the most important sub-criterion (31.7%). These research showed that in this region all of the factors (ecological and social) had effect on the forest fire.

Keywords

Questionnaire, Criteria, forest Fire, Izeh, Risk Mapping

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

References

[1] Akpinar, E.; Usul, N. GIS in Forest Fires. City and Regional Planner Project Coordinator in INTA SpaceTurk, 2003.
[2] Aleemahmoodi sarab, S.; Feghhi, J. Review time and cause of fires in forests and pastures in Khuzestan province. Modern management of natural resources, Tehran Azad University, Science Research, 1390.
[3] Bowman, D.; Balch, J.K.; Artaxo, P.; Bond, W.J.; Carlson, J.M.; Cochrane, M.A.; D’Antonio, C.M.; DeFries, R.S.; Doyle, J.C.; Harrison, S.P.; Johnston, F.H.; Keeley, J.E.; Krawchuk, M.A.; Kull, C.A.; Marston, J.B.; Moritz, M.A.; Prentice, I.C.; Roos, C.I.; Scott, A.C.; Swetnam, T.W.; van der Werf, G.R.; Pyne, S.J.. Fire in the earth system. Science, 2009, 324, 481-484.
[4] Chuvieco, E.; Congalton, R.G. Application of remote sensing and geographic information system to forest fire hazard mapping. Remote Sens. Environ. 1989, 29, 147-159.
[5] Chuvieco, E.; Giglio, L.; Justice, C. Global characterization of fire activity: toward defining fire regimes from Earth observation data. Global Change Biology, 2008, 14, 1488-1502.
[6] Daneshrad, A. The Effects of Jungle Destruction in Disease Outbreakm. Zeytoun Magazine, 1986, 54, 8.
[7] Dong, XU.; Shao, G.; Limin, D.; Zhanqing, H.; Lei, T.; Hui, W. Forest fire risk zone mapping from satellite GIS FORE Baihe Forestry Bureau, Jilin, China. Journal Forestry Search, 2005. 16(3), 169-174.
[8] FAO, Practical Guidelines for the implementation of criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management in the Near East Region. 1999. United Nations Environmental Programme. Regional Office for the Near East. Cairo.
[9] Biranvand, R.; Fattahi, M.; Khademi, K. 1380, Investigation of distribution of different species of wild Pistacia mutica and Khenjok in different forms of lanin Yazd province. Iranian Journal of Forest and Poplar Research, 2001, 10(2), 501- 517.
[10] Gortmaker, K.; Forest fire hazard mapping in the LaPeyne area, France. M.Sc. thesis, Faculty of Geosciences, Utrecht University, France, 2010, 61.
[11] Haddadinia, S.; Danehkar, A. Prioritization of Ecotourism Criteria in Desert and Semi-arid Ecosystems by Delphi Method. Geography and Territorial Spatial Arrangement Iranian Journal, 2012, 2-3.
[12] Huyen,D, Th.; T. Tuan V. Applying GIS and Multi Criteria Evaluation in forest fire risk zoning in Son la province. 2008. International Symposium on Geoinformatics for Spatial Infrastructure Development in Earth and Allied Science.
[13] ITTO. Criteria and indicators for sustainable forest management of natural tropical forests. 1999. ITTO Policy Development Series No. 7.
[14] Jaiswal, R k.; M, Saumitra.; Kumaran, R. D.; Rajesh, S. Forest fire risk zone mapping from satellite imagery and GIS. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 2002, 4, 1-10.
[15] Jazirehi M H. To Afforest in Arid Environment. 2001. Tehran, University of Tehran Press (In Persian).
[16] Lymberopoulos, N.; padopolous, C.; Stefanakis, E.; Pantalos, N.; and Lockwood, F. A GIS Forest Fire Management Information Svestem, 1996, 1-12.
[17] Madjnounian, H. Manual to Appoint Special Environmental Regions Based on the Ecologic Power of Protection, as cited in Iran Protected Areas: Basics and Schemes for Protecting Parks and Areas. Environmental Protection Organization Publications, 1979, 95, 735-736.
[18] Marlon, J.R.; Bartlein, P.J.; Carcaillet, C.; Gavin, D.G.; Harrison, S.P.; Higuera, P.E.; Joos, F.; Power, M.J.; Prentice, I.C. Climate and human influences on global biomass burning over the past two millennia. Nature Geoscience, 2008, 1, 697-702.
[19] Patah, N. A.; Mansor, S.; Mispan,M, R. An Application of Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System for Forest Fire Risk Mapping. 2000, 54-67.
[20] Patterson, W. A.; Backman, A. E. Fire and disease history of forests. In: Huntley, B., Webb, T. (Eds.), Vegetation History. Kluwer, Dordrecht, 1988, 603-632.
[21] Pyne, S.J.; Andrews, P.L.; Laven, R.D. Introduction to Wildland Fire. 1996. Wiley, New York.
[22] Sowmya, S. V.; R.K Somashekar. Application of remote sensing and geographical information system in mapping forest fire risk zone at Bhadra wildlife sanctuary, India. Journal of Environmental Biology, 2010, 31(6), 969-974.
[23] Zumbrunnen, T.; Gianni, B.P.; Menéndez, P.; Bugmann, H.; Bürgi, M.; Conedera, M. Weather and human impacts on forest fires: 100 years of firehistory in two climatic regions of Switzerland. Forest Ecology and Management, 2011, 261, 2188-2199.
[24] Beygi Heidarlu, H.; Banj Shafiei, A.; and Erfanian, M. Evaluating the Fuzzy Weighted Linear Combination Method in Forest Fire Risk Mapping (Case study: Sardasht Forests, West Azerbaijan Province, IRAN). J. of Wood & Forest Science and Technology, 2015, 22 (3), 2015.

Related Articles