Agricultural Studies, Vol. 2, Issue 5, Oct  2018, Pages 190-198; DOI: 10.31058/ 10.31058/

Urban-Pig Farming: Easy Gain and Danger to the Environment (Yaounde-Cameroon)

, Vol. 2, Issue 5, Oct  2018, Pages 190-198.

DOI: 10.31058/

Abdoulay Mfewou 1* , Sevidzem Silas Lendzele 2

1 Department of Geography, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon

2 Faculty of Science, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon

Received: 13 May 2018; Accepted: 31 August 2018; Published: 29 October 2018

Full-Text HTML | Download PDF | Views 561 | Download 337


This article examines the problems of pig-breeding in the human environment. It highlights the economic importance of pig-breeding in income generation in the urban and suburbs of the city of Yaounde. The study was carried out in six months on 201 farms in the urban and sub-urban areas of Yaounde and revealed that stakeholders in this activity focused on the economic importance while ignoring environmental problems. Pig-breeders originated from different geographic origin and men (75.0%) were highly involved. Pig breeding was common in suburbs than in urban settings with a statistical significant difference (P<0.05). It was found in the urban site that most pig breeders were from Nkoabang (12.93%) with 9.38% animals per farm, while in the suburbs, most of them were from Obala (31.34%) with 43.72% animals per farm. This activity is particularly criticized by the media and the Cameroonian public for many drawbacks. Some of the major pitfalls included pollution i.e. sound and waste. The article points out the necessity to handle the conflict between breeders and non-breeders. This participatory approach appears to be an important element in the development of the urban planning system.


Cohabitation, Environment, Urban, Pig, Yaounde-Cameroon


© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


[1] Mfewou, A.; Nchoutnji, I. Market gardening and land issues at the border of the city of Yaounde (Cameroon). Conference Act: At the Borders of the Urban, Avignon, January 22-24, 2014.
[2] Dieumou, F.E.; Tandzon D.P.T. Feed management in Pig production and an attempt for improvement: A case study of Babadjou locality in the Western Region of Cameroon. Journal of Applied Life Sciences International, 2017, 12 (3), 1-9.
[3] Essougong, U. P. K. Urban and peri-urban agriculture in Cameroon: Status and perspectives for development. International Journal of Agronomy and Agricultural Research, 2017, 11 (3), 116127.
[4] Roessler, R.; Mpouam S.E.; Muchemwa, T.; Schlecht E. Emerging Development Pathways of Urban Livestock Production in Rapidly Growing West Africa Cities. Sustainability, 2016, 8, 1199.
[5] CIRAD-IEMVT. Study of the Livestock Sector of Cameroon. 2011.
[6] Bryant, C.R.; Johnston, T. R. R. Agriculture in the City’s countryside. Londres, Royaume- Uni, Belhaven Press. 1992.
[7] Fall, A.; Diao, M. B.; Bastianelli, D.; Nianogo, A. The concerted and sustainable management of urban animal sectors. In: Sustainable development of urban agriculture in Francophone Africa: issues, concepts and method. Quae Editions. 2004.
[8] Logtene, Y. M.; Koussou, M. O. Pig farming, a breeding ignored but yet well established in rural and peri-urban agro-systems of Chad. In African savannahs: changing spaces, actors facing new challenges. Proceedings of the colloquium, Garoua, Cameroon.Cirad, Prasac. 2003, 9.
[9] Ndébi , G., Kamajou, J., Ongla, J. Analysis of constraints to the development of pork production in Cameroon. Tropicultura, 2009, 27(2), 70-76.
[10] Assana, E.; Kyngdon, C. T.; Gauci, C. G.; Geerts, S.; Dorny, P.; De Deken, R.; Lightowlers, M. W. Elimination of Taenia solium transmission to pigs in a field trial of the TSOL18 vaccine in Cameroon. International journal for parasitology, 2010, 40(5), 515-519.
[11] Grannec, M. L.; Ramonet Y.; Selmi, A. Determinants and challenges of opposition to pig farming projects in Britain, 2014.
[12] INSC. Report of the National Institute of Statistics of Cameroon. 2010.
[13] Zoli, A.; Shey-Njila, O.; Assana, E.; Nguekam, J. P.; Dorny, P.; Brandt, J.; Geerts, S. Regional status, epidemiology and impact of Taenia solium cysticercosis in Western and Central Africa. Acta Tropica, 2003, 87(1), 35-42.
[14] Praet N.; Speybroeck, N.; Manzanedo, R.; ,Berkvens, D.; Nforninwe, D. N.; Zoli, A.; Geerts, S. The disease burden of Taenia solium cysticercosis in Cameroon. PLoS neglected tropical diseases, 2009, 3(3), 406.
[15] Roy, L.; Paquette, S.; Domon, G. The neo-rural campaign: reasons for migration, valued territories and uses of the domestic space. Sociographic research, 2005 46(1), 35-65.
[16] Strom, G.; Djurfeldt, A.A.; Boqvist, S.A.A.; Sokerya, S.; San, S.; Holl, D.; Magnusson, U. Urban and peri-urban family-based pig-keeping in Cambodia: Characteristics, management and perceived benefits and constraints. PLoS ONE, 2017, 12 (8): e0182247.
[17] Landais E.; Sebillotte M. Agriculture and sustainable development. In Encylopaedia universalis. Paris, France, Universalia, 2000, 119-125.
[18] Roméo, P.M.S. Pig cysticercosis in the Menoua Division (West Cameroon). 2004.
[19] Bachand N. Descriptive study of the consumption and bacterial contamination of game in urban areas in Gabon. 2013.
[20] Bourliaud, J.; Girault, J.M.; Nicourt, C. Chapter VII Agricultural production facing environmental questions New urbanities, new ruralities in Europe, 2007, 233.

Related Articles