Waters, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Dec  2019, Pages 25-40; DOI: 10.31058/j.water.2019.11002 10.31058/j.water.2019.11002

Interoceanic Waterways Network System, Integrated Systems: Hydrology of the Future

Waters, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Dec  2019, Pages 25-40.

DOI: 10.31058/j.water.2019.11002

Lepota L. Cosmo 1*

1 American Association for the Advancement of Science, Washington, USA

Received: 23 July 2019; Accepted: 23 July 2019; Published: 25 September 2019

Full-Text HTML | Download PDF | Views 696 | Download 418


Integrated canal networks are an opportunity for more efficient and more effective disposal of water resources. The use of the holistic net in the management of water systems, river and sea-river channels, emphasize the efficiency of integrated water resources decisioning. The conclusions of geomorphological and paleohydrologic research can provide a more complete picture of hydrological potentials for advanced water system management. The paper recognizes permeations as the basis for designing river channel systems, planning and implementation of river, lake-river, and sea-river channels, in order to better exploit water resources and connect river flows. In this there are prerequisites for water management of the construction of systemic river traffic distances to completely regulated or at least controllable river systems. The analysis of large continental rivers is made by the observation of water systems, comparisons and useful conclusions of the European, African and Asian network systems, as well as the possibilities of their further use and development.


In-Land Waterways, Integrated Interoceanic Canal Network, Permeative Distance, Transoceanic Canals, River Diversion, Interoceanic Waterways


© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


[1] Marsh, C. M.; Davies, E. A. J. Encyclopaedia Britannica, s.v. Canals and inland waterways. Modern Waterway Engineering; Chicago: Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2018.

[2] Latrubesse, E. M. The Late-Quaternary Palaeohydrology of Large South American Fluvial Systems. Palaeohydrology: understanding global change, 2003, 193.

[3] Stevaux, J. C. Climatic events during the late Pleistocene and Holocene in the upper Parana River: Correlation with NE Argentina and South-Central Brazil. Quat. Int., 2000, 72(1), 73-85.

[4] Hickin, E. J. The development of meanders in natural river-channels. Am. J. Sci., 174, 274(4), 414-442, DOI: 10.2475/ajs.274.4.414.

[5] Holley, E. R.; Jirka, G. H. Mixing in rivers; US Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, 1986.

[6] Fitzsimmons, K. E.; Marković, S. B.; Hambach, U. Pleistocene environmental dynamics recorded in the loess of the middle and lower Danube basin. Quat. Sci. Rev., 2012, 41, 104-118, DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.03.002.

[7] Gregory, K. J.; Benito, G.; Downs, P. W. Applying fluvial geomorphology to river channel management: Background for progress towards a palaeohydrology protocol. Geomorphology, 2008, 98 (1-2), 153-172, DOI: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2007.02.031.

[8] Keown, M. P; Dardeau, E. A.; Causey, E M. Historic trends in the sediment flow regime of the Mississippi River. Water Resour. Res., 1986, 22(11), 1555-1564, DOI: 10.1029/WR022i011p01555.

[9] Thorne, C.; Hey, R.; Newson, N. Applied fluvial geomorphology for river engineering and management; John Wiley and Sons Ltd, 2005. ISBN: 978-0471969686.

[10] Thomas, M. F. Late Quaternary environmental changes and the alluvial record in humid tropical environments. Quat. Int., 2000, 72(1), 23-36, DOI: 0.1016/S1040-6182(00)00018-5.

[11] Piesse, M. Water Governance in the Tigris-Euphrates Basin. 2016.

[12] Kiss, T.; Hernesz, P.; Sümeghy, B.; Györgyövics, K.; Sipos, S. The evolution of the Great Hungarian Plain fluvial system–Fluvial processes in a subsiding area from the beginning of the Weichselian. Quat. Int., 2015, 388,142-155, DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2014.05.050.

[13] Starkel, L. Late Quaternary continental paleohydrology as related to future environmental change. Glob. Planet. Change, 1993, 7(1-3), 95-108.

[14] Brookes, A. Channelized rivers: perspectives for environmental management; Chichester: Wiley, 1988, 659; ISBN: 978-0471919797.

[15] Gilvear, D. J. Fluvial geomorphology and river engineering: future roles utilizing a fluvial hydrosystems framework. Geomorphology, 1999, 31(1-4), 229-245, DOI: 10.1016/S0169-555X(99)00086-0.

[16] Fisk, H. N. Mississippi River valley geology relation to river regime. In Proc. ASCE, vol. 77, no. 7, pp. 1-16. ASCE, 1951.

[17] Rahman, M. A.; Jaumann, L.; Lerche, N; Renatus,. F.; Buchs, A. K.; Gade, R.; Geldermann, J.; Sauter, M.; Selection of the best inland waterway structure: A multicriteria decision analysis approach. Water Resour. Manag., 2015, 29(8), 2733-2749, DOI: 10.1007/s11269-015-0967-1.

[18] Zhang C.; Wang, G.; Peng, Y.; Tang, G.; Liang. G. A negotiation-based multi-objective, multi-party decision-making model for inter-basin water transfer scheme optimization. Water Resour. Manag., 2012, 26(14), 4029-4038, DOI: 10.1007/s11269-012-0127-9.

[19] Szostak, R. Economic impacts of road and waterway improvements. Transp. Quat., 1996, 50(4).

[20] Sihn, W.; Pascher, H; Ott, K.; Stein, S.; Schumacher, A; Mascolo, G. A green and economic future of inland waterway shipping. Procedia CIRP, 2015, 29, 317-322.

[21] Hey, R. D. Environmentally sensitive river engineering. The rivers handbook: Hydrological and ecological principles, 1994, 337-362. ISBN: 9780632029853

[22] Gore, J. A.; Petts, G. E. Alternatives in regulated river management; CRC Press, 1989. ISBN: 9780849348778.

[23] Voies Navigables France Itinéraires Fluviaux; Editions De LEcluse. 2009. ISNB: 978-2916919362.

[24] Liu, C.; Zheng, H. South-to-north water transfer schemes for China. Int. J. Water Resour. D., 2002, 18(3), 453-471, DOI: 10.1080/079006202200000693.

Related Articles