Health Research, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Jun  2018, Pages 34-44; DOI: 10.31058/ 10.31058/

Experimental Testing of Single and Double Medical Gloves Static Friction with Surgical Scalpel for Studying the Safety of Manipulation During Surgery

, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Jun  2018, Pages 34-44.

DOI: 10.31058/

Ahmed Fouly Anwer 1*

1 Department of Production Engineering and Mechanical Design, Faculty of Engineering, Minia University, Egypt

Received: 28 July 2018; Accepted: 31 August 2018; Published: 1 November 2018

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In conventional surgeries, protection of surgeon and his team from infection, due to patient blood exposure, is a significant issue. Using gloves is a common barrier technique which prevents patient bacteria or viruses permeating the surgeons hand. However, using sharp surgical tools led to gloves perforation which stimulates surgeons to wear double gloves to offer extra protection. Nevertheless, many clinicians are reluctant for donning double gloves as it may affect tactile sensation and manipulation skills. One objective of this study is to compare between single and double gloves friction with a surgical scalpel, where static friction can affect the gripping and manipulating process. Tests were carried out using single and double latex gloves sliding over four scalpel surface topologies and in different contact conditions (dry, wet, blood and blood diluted by water). Donning double gloves was found to raise the static friction coefficient in all conditions. Experiments using water and blood-wet conditions indicated that water would increase the friction higher than that observed in the dry condition as it increases the electrostatic charge between surfaces and consequently the adhesion between them. Blood increases the friction over dry and wet conditions because of coagulation which forms a blood clot that withstands the finger movement. Serrated surface gave the highest friction coefficient which makes it efficient for gripping and manipulating.


Single and Double Gloves, Gloves perforation, Scalpel Surface Topology


© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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