Applied Chemistry, Vol. 1, Issue 2, Sep  2018, Pages 43-57; DOI: 10.31058/ 10.31058/

Preparation and Spectral Properties of Graphene-Porphyrin Composites

, Vol. 1, Issue 2, Sep  2018, Pages 43-57.

DOI: 10.31058/

Hui Lin 1 , Ya Hong Wu 1 , Shan Ling Tong 1 , Sheng Hu 1 , Heng De Li 1 , Chuan Yi Pan 1 , Yan Yan 1*

1 College of Chemical Engineering & Light industry, Guangdong University of Technology, Guangzhou, China

Received: 26 July 2018; Accepted: 16 October 2018; Published: 22 November 2018

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Using as reactants, 4-chlorobenzaldehyde and 4-dimethylaminobenzaldehyde were selected to react with pyrrole respectively by conventional synthetic method to prepare two metal free porphyrins with peripherally substituted phenyl possessing different electronic and steric effects. The obtained meso-tetra (p-chlorophenyl) porphyrin (H2TClPP, compound I), meso-tetra (p-dimethylaminophenyl) porphyrin (H2TDMAPP, compound IV) and their relative Fe(III), Mn(II) complexes II, III, V and VI were characterized by spectral determinations, including UV-Vis, infrared, fluorescence, 1H NMR methods. Meanwhile, the reduced graphene oxide (RGO) was prepared from crystalline flake graphite by redox method previously reported. Then the metalloporphyrin complexes II, III, V and VI were selected as candidates to composite with reduced oxidative graphene by supersonic method, and the prepared products were well characterized by UV-Vis, infrared, fluorescence, and XRD determinations. Comparing determination results indicated that all the analytic spectra displayed much different from each other. As conclusion, the metalloporphyrin-graphene composites were judged to be constructed together mainly by the weak - interactions with both parallel and vertical orientation. Additionally, the supplementary axial ligation between metalloporphyrin-graphene and metalloporphyrin molecules also can’t be neglected in molecular assembly. According to the spectral determination results, the layered construction diagrammatic sketch of the metalloporphyrin-graphene composites was summarized in the end. Porphyrins and their complexes with planar molecule configuration displayed more attractive research attention based on their photo/electric/magnetic properties, and they were broadly applied in many research and application areas, including catalysis, molecular wires, photodynamic therapy, and photoelectric conversion. So far graphene derivatives were known as the thinnest nanomaterials with excellent stability, perfect molecular configuration, moderately molecular flexility, and outstanding conductivity. These prepared metalloporphyrin-graphene composites with prominent function, such as sensitive dyes with photoelectric transformation efficiency, were expected to be applied in assembly of dye sensitized solar cells as optically permeable electrode. This environment-friendly power sources without any pollutant emitting was mainly development purpose around the world.


Porphyrin Derivative, Graphene, Composite, Spectral Characterization


© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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