Management, Vol. 2, Issue 3, Jun  2018, Pages 103-116; DOI: 10.31058/j.mana.2018.23009 10.31058/j.mana.2018.23009

Determinants of Bushmeat Traders’ Income in Itu, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

, Vol. 2, Issue 3, Jun  2018, Pages 103-116.

DOI: 10.31058/j.mana.2018.23009

Daniel Etim Jacob 1* , Eteakamba Ukpong 1 , Ubong Abraham Umoh 1 , Imaoong Ufot Nelson 1

1 Department of forestry and Natural Environmental Management, University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Received: 24 July 2018; Accepted: 30 August 2018; Published: 24 October 2018

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This study assessed the factors affecting bushmeat trade in Itu, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Data was obtained through detailed structured questionnaires was randomly administered to 150 respondents from 10 communities randomly selected. Descriptive statistics and econometric model were employed to analyze the data collected. The results obtained indicated that majority of the respondents were male (54.93%), married (76.76%), aged between 21-40 years (80.99%) and literate (68.31%). Cross River State was the major (38.73%) single source of bushmeat for the traders. Only six species of bushmeat were traded in the area and grasscutter was the most demanded and supplied bushmeat species. Majority (37.33%) of the traders earned between ₦15,100 - ₦20,000 income monthly. Gender, age, educational status, species traded and sources of bushmeat traded were positive and significant factors (p<0.01) that affected the income of the traders. The study recommends more investment and development in the rural areas as this further help in reducing dependence and trade in the wildlife resources thereby conserving it for posterity.


Bushmeat Trade, Livelihood Income, Households, Conservation, Nigeria


© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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