Biological Sciences, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Apr  2018, Pages 29-37; DOI: 10.31058/j.bs.2018.22004 10.31058/j.bs.2018.22004

Impact of the Development the Animal Husbandry on the Condition Organic Matter in Soils

Biological Sciences, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Apr  2018, Pages 29-37.

DOI: 10.31058/j.bs.2018.22004

Natalya Mudrykh 1* , Iraida Samofalova 2

1 Department of Soil Science, Faculty of Soil Science, Agrochemistry, Ecology and Merchandising, perm State Agro-Technological University, Perm, Russia

2 Department of Agrochemistry, Faculty of Soil Science, Agrochemistry, Ecology and Merchandising, perm State Agro-Technological University, Perm, Russia

Received: 2 January 2018; Accepted: 25 February 2018; Published: 4 June 2018

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Abstract

Industrialization of agrocomplexes and farms, wide application of fertilizers and pesticides allowed increase in the productivity agrocenoses, but worsened their ecological and safety of received production. Transition to intensive technologies in agriculture showed their active influence not only on agrocenoses, but also on the equilibrium of the entire system. Regulation of the balance of humus in the soil and extended its reproduction can be done in two ways: a) an increase in revenues in the soil organic matter (organic fertilizers, afterreap and root resi-dues), b) the reduction of organic matter mineralization using agricultural methods. Perm Krai is located in the Western Predural’e and defined by the coordinates 56°06-61°39 N and 51°47-59°03 E. On the Krai territory secreted 6 naturally-farming districts. Earlier, the authors have conducted of agroecological assessment on the humus condition in the soils of the Perm Krai in these districts. The purpose of research is to determine the effectiveness of use of wastes animal husbandry to ensure the sufficient balance of the humus in the soil. Degree of development of territory of the region is different, that is expressed in of agricultural area and stooks cattle. Amount of agricultural lands per 1 head of cattle varies from 4.0 to 8.9 ha, at norm 2 ha. With such development of cattle breeding in the Perm Krai and the use of wastes industry has note very low saturation 1 hectares of agricultural land the organic matter (0.43-1.87 t/ha). Thus, it was found that for increasing saturation 1 hectare of plough land and 1 hectares of agricultural land is necessary to increase the number of animal husbandry, a minimum of 2 times, and increase the use of wastes animal husbandry only cattle will enhance the saturation of one hectare of plough land to 3.0-3.4 t/ha.

Keywords

Environmental Sustainability, Soil, Humus, Organic Matter, Animal Husbandry, Agricultural Area

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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