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Management, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Apr  2018, Pages 1-12; DOI: 10.31058/j.mana.2018.22006 10.31058/j.mana.2018.22006

The Impeding Factors and Strategies for Formulating University Curriculum Goals  (A Social Capital Development Approach)

Management, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Apr  2018, Pages 1-12.

DOI: 10.31058/j.mana.2018.22006

Forouzan Tonkaboni *1

1 Curriculum Studies, Payame Noor University (PNU), Tehran, Iran

Received: 2 January 2018; Accepted: 19 March 2018; Published: 16 April 2018

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Social capital refers to trust-based connections and relationships between human and organizational collections as a valuable resource. Educational organizations are one of the institutions that influence the formation of social capital through the formulation of goals. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impeding factors and the social capital development strategies in formulating higher education curriculum goals, which was carried out in a qualitative way using the grounded theory method. 10 experts in the field of curriculum design and social capital were interviewed with. In the process of encoding the goals, the main categories of research were identified by social adaptation and social reconstruction approaches as follows. The identified barriers included: the inadequacy of the curriculum in catering for the needs of the social community, not revising the curricula, the inadequacy of the curriculum in increasing social participation and lack of attention to promoting social capital in formulating the curriculum objectives; and the strategies included: the application of various techniques of needs assessment for formulating the objectives, identifying needs from the point of view of the curriculum designers, identifying needs from the perspective of social science experts, revising the curriculum, identifying the problems of social capital development, determining the scope of changes, identifying the context and conditions involved in changes and determining the goals.


Curriculum, Social Capital, Goals, University


© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Publications (UK). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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