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Energy Research, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Apr  2018, Pages 33-61; DOI: 10.31058/j.er.2018.22007 10.31058/j.er.2018.22007

The Hyperbolic Universe Does Not Need Dark Energy

Energy Research, Vol. 2, Issue 2, Apr  2018, Pages 33-61.

DOI: 10.31058/j.er.2018.22007

Salah A. Mabkhout *1

1 Department of Mathematics Faculty of Education Thamar University Dhamar- Republic of Yemen

Received: 22 December 2017; Accepted: 2 February 2018; Published: 24 May 2018

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Abstract

Although the perspective for nearby objects in the hyperbolic space is very nearly identical to Euclidean space (i.e. the Universe locally is approximately flat consistent with local observations), the apparent angular size of distant objects falls off much more rapidly, in fact exponentially. The Universe globally is hyperbolic as we did prove mathematically. The current observed density of the Universe =1031g/cm3 is consistent with a hyperbolic open universe. The hyperbolic universe consists of zero cosmological constant. The hyperbolic universe doesn`t need Dark Energy to account for the accelerated expansion. The Hyperbolic Universe grows exponentially preserves a legitimate inflation covers the current observed large structure 1.3x1028cm. The equation of state of cosmologyp=-ρ is a property of the hyperbolic structure of the hyperbolic universe. We calculated the Hubble constant due to the Hyperbolic Universe, H=72.34 [(Km/sec)/Mpc].

Keywords

Hyperbolic Universe, Modified Gravity, Dark Energy, Cosmological Constant, Quintessence

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Publications (UK). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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