Advancements in Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Feb  2018, Pages 1-16; DOI: 10.31058/j.am.2018.21001 10.31058/j.am.2018.21001

Tetra-n-butylammonium Bromide (TBAB) Modified Cameroonian Local Clay Material for Adsorption of Crystal Violet Dye from Aqueous Solution

Advancements in Materials, Vol. 2, Issue 1, Feb  2018, Pages 1-16.

DOI: 10.31058/j.am.2018.21001

Constant Tcheka 1* , Raluca Pleşa Chicinaş 2 , Andrada Măicăneanu 3 , Patrick Nkuigue Fotsing 4 , Hamou Moussout 5 , Richard Domga 6

1 Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon

2 Department of Chemical Engineering, Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca, Romania

3 Department of Chemistry, Indiana University of Pennsylvania, Indiana, Pennsylvania, USA

4 Department of inorganic Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon

5 Laboratory of Chemistry/Biology Applied to the Environment, Faculty of Sciences, Moulay Ismaïl University, Meknes, Morocco

6 Department of Applied Chemistry, Ensai, University of Ngaoundéré, Ngaoundere, Cameroon

Received: 22 December 2017; Accepted: 10 January 2018; Published: 2 February 2018

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Abstract

The present paper reports the preparation and characterization of tetra-n-butylammonium bromide modified local clay material (TBAB-Clay) and its application as potential adsorbent material for Crystal Violet dye removal from aqueous solution. Major mineral phases, identified by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), were illite and kaolinite, in addition to quartz and calcite as impurities. Characterization of the material was supplemented by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The kinetics of the adsorption process was studied using two models: pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order. Experimental data were best fitted with pseudo-second-order model. Three isotherm models namely Langmuir, Freundlich, and Dubinin-Radushkevich (D-R) were used to describe the adsorption process. The inclusion of non-linear regression analysis suggested the Langmuir model best described the adsorption process. The Langmuir isotherm predicted the maximum monolayer adsorption capacity of 115.54 mg g-1 while the D-R isotherm suggested a physisorption process with a free energy value of 0.708 kJ mol-1. Based on the obtained results it can be concluded that this modified clay material is a promising adsorbent for the removal of Crystal Violet dye from aqueous solution.

Keywords

Clay Minerals, Illite, Kaolinite, TBAB-Clay, Crystal Violet Dye, Adsorption Equilibrium, Kinetic Studies

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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