Waters, Vol. 1, Issue 1, Sep  2018, Pages 1-15; DOI: 10.31058/j.water.2018.11001 10.31058/j.water.2018.11001

Water and Sediment Qualities Issues and Growth Performance of Pond-Cultured Oreochromis Niloticus Fed Different Dietary Protein Levels

Waters, Vol. 1, Issue 1, Sep  2018, Pages 1-15.

DOI: 10.31058/j.water.2018.11001

Thomas Kwaku Agyemang 1 , Jack Frimpong-Manso Pumpuni 1 , Godfred Owusu-Boateng 1*

1 Faculty of Renewable Natural Resources, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana

Received: 18 December 2017; Accepted: 29 December 2017; Published: 19 January 2018

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Abstract

The physico-chemical and bacteriological quality of water and sediments and the growth performance of fish following administration of Oreochromis niloticus feeds of two different dietary protein levels were studied in Hapas set in four 200 m2 ponds. Results indicate that water quality parameters monitored were within environmental tolerable limits and for the growth of Oreochromis niloticus. For all the feeds, water temperature was in the range of 27.83°C - 28.67°C, dissolved oxygen 5.01mg/L - 6.11 mg/L and pH 5.4 - 7.01. The levels of biochemical oxygen demand, nitrogen, phosphorus and dissolved organic carbon as well as Salmonella sp, Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas sp were generally beyond acceptable limits with projections of the levels of the physico-chemical parameters indicating further increase. There were no statistical significant differences (P>0.05) in the levels of total nitrogen, phosphorus, biological oxygen demand, dissolved organic carbon and bacteria load before the administration of treatments and at the end of the study.

Keywords

Water Quality, Nutrient, Protein, Growth, Oreochromis Niloticus

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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