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Biological Sciences, Vol. 1, Issue 1, Dec  2017, Pages 39-61; DOI: 10.31058/ 10.31058/

Effects of Feeding Frequency on Growth Performance, Digestibility and Nutrient Retention in Fingerlings of Indian Major Carps-Effect on Nitrogen Retention and   Excretion of Metabolites

Biological Sciences, Vol. 1, Issue 1, Dec  2017, Pages 39-61.

DOI: 10.31058/

Sudhir Krishan Garg *1 , Alok Kalla 2

1 Department of Zoology and Aquaculture, Laboratory of Fish Physiology and Aquaculture Management, CCS Haryana Agriculture University, Hisar, India

2 Department of Fisheries College of Agriculture, Fisheries & Forestry Fiji National University, Nausori, Fiji

Received: 4 December 2017; Accepted: 15 December 2017; Published: 10 January 2018

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Studies were conducted to determine the effects of feeding frequency on growth performance and some bioenergetic parameters on fingerlings of Indian major carps.  First experiment was conducted on the fingerlings of Cirrhinus mrigala (Mean body weight 4.30±0.050g) under laboratory conditions.  Four feeding frequency groups were set up: feeding once (T1), twice (T2), thrice (T3) and four (T4) times d-1. At the end of 75 days, higher mean body weight (4.4±0.22g), specific growth rate (0.95 ± 0.0g) and nutrient retention (GPR=30.85 ± 1.77 and GER=26.06 ± 1.17) were observed in treatment T4 which were significantly (P<0.05) higher than T1 but  not significantly (P<0.05) different from  T2 and T3. Feed conversion ratio (FCR) remained significantly (P<0.05) higher in fingerlings fed once a day as compared to other treatments. Carcass protein and fat were significantly (P


Mrigal, Feeding Frequency, Growth Performance, Feed Conversion Ratio, Carcass Composition, Excretion of Metabolites, Water Quality, Pond Productivity


© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Publications (UK). This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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