Art and Design, Vol. 2, Issue 4, Dec  2019, Pages 147-157; DOI: 10.31058/j.ad.2019.24014 10.31058/j.ad.2019.24014

The Study on Modern Environmental Art for Environmental Awareness

, Vol. 2, Issue 4, Dec  2019, Pages 147-157.

DOI: 10.31058/j.ad.2019.24014

Yun Lei 1*

1 Cunjin College, Guangdong Ocean University, Zhanjiang, China

Received: 18 July 2019; Accepted: 15 August 2019; Published: 29 September 2019

Abstract

Implementing environmental art mainly refers to the project by the environment. Environmental engineering, including pollution control engineering, natural disaster prevention, greening, beautification, are included in all kinds of constructive project with. Environment construction should satisfy the needs of the living environment and meet the people with artistic. Ahead the survival of the demand and the enjoyment of the art is in the agreement. The survival of the need to include the enjoyment of art and enjoy art must and social life. The natural nourishing, It is the basis of the development of the arts. Environmental art advocate social human concernment public environment, to protect the natural ecological environment, and to attract the publics environmental awareness. At the same time, improve the publics environmental awareness; provide a new thought in building a more suitable social and ecological environment, positive form a virtuous circle between man and the environment.

Keywords

Environmental Art, Ecology, Environment Awareness

1. Introduction

Since the 1960s and 1970s, ecological problems, mainly including global climate change, population growth, shortage of resources and environmental pollution is considered global environmental crisis, has become the focus of people's attention. The world has felt strongly the sense of crisis and urgency than ever before. The ecological environment in the book concerns mainly the American writer Carson’s Silent Spring, the British writer E•Goldsmith’s A Blueprint for Survival and the members of the Club of Rome J•W•F and D•L•Meadows’s Limits to Growth. The unrestricted pattern of economic growth in the context of industrialization is the main factor leading to the collapse of the global environment. If the lifestyle of excessive consumption and the attitude towards environmental ethics cannot be changed in time, human society will inevitably break down rapidly [1]. E. B. White lamented that human beings had been too selfish and tried to enslave nature for countless times. In order to get greater and better chances of survival, he suggested that “we should adjust our relationship with the planet and treat it with deep gratitude. [2]”. “The Earth is our only home, however, the way we live on this planet seems like we have other alternative shelters.” Marshall McLuhan urged people to be fully aware that on the “spaceship” called the earth, “each one is a crew who has to shoulder his own responsibilities. [3]”

These problems can represent the concerns of the people on environmental problems. People wake up and realize the ecology and environment is a socialist harmonious society's important basis and carrier of the sustainable development of society, economy and culture. People started to pay attention to the surrounding neighbourhood. With the popularization of science and technology, improving living standards and consumption, people demand a higher standard of living space. Therefore, they require a higher request, to environmental art design skills, ground-breaking. Ecology-the leadership of the principles, based on environmental science, and improves the living environment, the environment, environmental design of the theory and practice of the perfect way. These ideas such as green design, ecological design, sustainable development environment art is affecting the environment value orientation of the public.

2. The Interpretation of the Modern Environmental Art

We have the living space and material and cultural activities of the concerns of the environment. Environmental art is a starting point for the natural environment, and use a lot of technology and art means to optimize and improve our living space. As a manual given environment, environmental art is by material environment, the environment, technology environment and thought art environment. By artificial environment material environment including landscape, the sculpture, the green belt, etc and natural environment including sunshine, air, water, etc. It is including traditional culture ideology, economic structure and the spirit of the age, and so on. This different form for one integrated. Unity change is from a small area, big cities, not only to the different image form, but also internal order and comprehensive target. Emerged for the double destroy to nature and mind by industrialization, environmental art designing in modem sense aims at balancing the relationships between mankind and the nature. What we design for is the house of the people which includes all the ecological system. What we serve for is human beings and other species. What we emphasize is the development of people and the sustainability of resources and environment. [4]

2.1. Understanding the People, Respecting the People, and People-Oriented

The modern environmental art design is a system of scientific research combination of nature, human, artificial environment;it is a united people and the environment interaction. Mankind and environment are closely related to each other. Environment is more than the external conditions, in fact, “there is no clear dividing line between human beings and the environment in which we live. [5]” Mental, physical, social behavior can change the environment and the quality of the environment influence mental, physical, social behavior of the people directly. As a part of nature, people is an important part of the environment, it is a product of evolution. Animal instinct is the first character. People keep this instinct and drive this instinct. It is necessary to know and adapt to this instinct in environmental art and design method. At the same time, people are longing for special orders and the beautiful in animals and other animals do not have. Not only people dependent on nature, but they can understand the laws of nature, and the nature of the change of its properties. Therefore, the environment design, and on the basis of understanding the human understanding some needs and experience required:environmental art services. In the "people-oriented"is not the word for the crowd, because the individual, the quality and the style of art should not accept only environment personal but by the majority of the people. That is, it should adapt to the refined and popular taste. No matter in indoor or outdoor environmental art design, we should with most and service.

2.2. Understanding the Nature, Respecting for the Nature

Another goal is to the environmental design of the natural cycle is a natural ecological system of damage and jamming activities. Lao tzu, a famous philosopher, in China during the spring and autumn, and promote "doing nothing"thought is defined as a "violation of the"by the famous British scholar Needham. According to Needham, it means that people must follow the natural, not against nature. Our experience planning should reflect on the material of the elements of the space [6]. These factors include not only the pure natural factors such as climate, soil, water, topography, landscape features of the earth, animals, plants, and artificial factors, such as buildings, structures, roads, etc. In the premise that of the various factors should be taken into account in environmental design. Understand the natural evolution of the system itself is necessary, but not enough;we must understand the natural system development and under the influence of the people involved. From the Angle of history of ecological wisdom and ecology, environment art is observed reality, to explain to the real world, understand and solve practical problems. We should abandon traditional idea ", "the rule of nature, but take the new concept, respect for nature and the nature harmonious. We should implement characteristics;we create the new life at a higher level.

2.3. Understanding of Human Culture, Emphasizing Humanistic Care

Cultural background, the accumulation of deep driving force of humanity is all art hobby and design, feel, aesthetic standards;the method of the value philosophy will deeply affect environment art. Environmental design is not a pure art has a certain function and value, not just the beautiful form, they pursue. The person aesthetic ideal realizes their conscious through the design and to express the meaning of culture and create a certain mood. This is a complete space environment sequence to culture property, a physical form and carrier and cultural consciousness, cultural characteristics and expressive space and shape. Express this is a serious loss of culture environment art pursue happiness, lack of formal only style and geographical characteristics, neglect the history and the spirit of The Times.

3. The Influence of Environmental Art on Human Society

When a door of the human consciousness and the people's awareness of environmental protection is decided by the objective existence, change the change of the ecological environment. In addition, it can react to ecological environment effect. With the continuous development of society, the environmental consciousness of people experienced from primary to a higher stage. After 20 years of development environment art in China's development, we cultivate a large number of environmental art designs and a group of outstanding environmental art works appear all over the country. Environmental art plays a more and more important role in urban design, landscape and interior design. As a new thing, the growth of the growth of the environmental art will not be easy. For some reason, we have created a number of "environment garbage "discontents. However, we put forward the concept of"environment art "theory system, form the environmental art design. It has an irreplaceable role in cultivating the good environment and public habit to establish a modern environmental consciousness.

3.1. Cultivating the Taste of the Public

Just as other art, its purpose is to meet environmental art psychology and spirit of the need of the public. "Art works are not monologueing, but a dialogue,"Meyer, a French perfect, in his book, wrote, "visual aesthetic" (Figure 1). Environmental art stereo space and time to express one's the ideal life and aesthetic ideal and materials and tools. Through the experience, the public was space charm and artistic. Through the experience, it arouses the feelings of sympathy, mobilize the psychological ability to detect imagination and understand get aesthetic pleasure, and let the interaction between the people and the environment. Environmental art create health to adapt to the people the feeling, meet people's physical comfort and get a "happy" [7]. When happy and happy thoughts into a kind of thought, it will arouse people to pay attention to the surrounding environment.

Figure 1. Works of Qi Baishi.

3.2. The Enlightenment of Ecological Ethical Concepts

The early humans also feel that their power is limited, they control and control of the environment, so they obeyed the nature, and form a religious nature worship. And the scientific and technological progress, cognition and practice ability of public made a big step. People's attitudes are changing nature, from negative to positive, from passive to active. It gradually goes to the other extreme. They believe that man is the highest of the owner can control nature, conquer nature;nature is who should listen to them for the slaves and the extrusion. However, most of the lesson that we understand that we should realize, and estimated the interaction between human and nature is normal. We should be aware that the interaction between man and nature, or will continue to action will cause a series of multiple effects, therefore, there is no absolute unilateral between man and nature's influence. Any influence is mutual. The serious consequences of environmental problems, let us know, we should not only focus on human welfare, but also focus on other life and the welfare of the nature. Ecological ethics is to construct ecological concept as the core. It against isolated dependent on environmental to survive and finally bring happiness. It is against the so-called "to realize the welfare of the people sacrifice environmental response, to meet the cost of the property. Today, the ecological environment is deterioration of the creative behavior and economic activity. This is a fact that people destroy the environment. In the face of these serious environmental problem, with a deep concern and strong sense of social responsibility, environmental art design express their devotion and natural ecological environment art as a means of conscience and responsibility, arouse people to protect the environment. As activities create under the premise of living space, respect for and protection of the natural environment design, environmental art design consideration of the environmental and balance, create some according to regional environment and ecology, use local material intentionally of. In practical, economic, aesthetic principles in traditional factors whether to conform to the ecological environment, whether reasonable, fair, is considered to be creating a art and culture atmosphere environment [8]. It let people use new concept to understand and deal with the relationship between man and nature, the development and the environment, the relationship between the natural ecological concept, to the harmony of human and nature, the coexistence of life through the public attention.

4. Development of National Environmental Protection Policy

Environmental art in China development is rapid, and has made great progress in recent years. Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen is case. At the same time, the public's awareness of the environment is changing for the better quickly. According to the report of The People's Daily, both the national social survey and statistics on the development of environmental protection institutions and concepts in China show that, our country has given increasing weight to environmental protection.

4.1. Development History of National Environmental Protection Institutions

With the continuous attention paid to environmental awareness, our government is also making continuous efforts to set up environmental protection organizations. No matter it is the leading group at the very beginning or the ministerial unit at present, all of them show the significance that the country attaches to environmental protection. ( Table 1 )

Table 1. Five Great Changes in Environmental Protection Institutions.

Year

Leading Organ

Environmental Institutions

1973

State Planning Commission of the Central People's Government, Ministry of Housing and urban-Rural Development of the PRC

The State Council Leading Group Office of Environmental Protection

1982

Ministry of Urban and Rural Construction and Environmental Protection

Environmental Protection Agency (Bureau Level)

1984

Ministry of Urban and Rural Construction and Environmental Protection

National Environmental Protection Agency (Bureau Level)

1988

The State Council

National Environmental Protection Agency (Vice-ministerial Level)

1998

The State Council

State Environmental Protection Administration of China (Ministerial Level)

2008

The State Council

Ministry of Environmental Protection (Ministerial Level)

2018

The State Council

Ministry of Ecology and Environment of the PRC (Ministerial Level)

Since 1982, China had embarked on the establishment of the first formal national environmental protection institution.

4.2. Development History of National Environmental Protection

China has been committed to the implementation of environmental protection. Since carrying out relevant work, all the measures have been continuously improved. So far, environmental protection has gone through 5stages ( Table 2 ).

Table 2. 5 Stages of Environmental Protection in China.

Stage

Duration

Development

Main Achievements

First

1973-1983

Enlightenment and starting stage of environmental protection in modern sense

In 1973, the National Conference on Environmental Protection was held;the next year, relevant institutions were established;the Environmental Protection Law was promulgated in 1979.

Second

1984-early 1990s

Initial phase of direction setting, institution building and system formation

In 1984, the Law on Prevention of Air Pollution was released;in 1987, Law of the People's Republic of China on Prevention and Control of Water Pollution was issued;in 1989, the Environmental Protection Law took effect.

Third

1992-2005

Development stage of setting up institutions and rules

Target responsibility system was ready to implement, focusing on the protection of three rivers (HuaiRiver, Hai River and Liao River), three lakes (Tai Lake, Chao Lake and Dianchi Lake) and two areas (SO2 pollution and acid rain).

Forth

2005-2012 (before the 18thNationalCongress)

Stage of constantly perfecting institutions and forming systems

The Ministry of Environmental Protection had been established, and sewage and garbage treatment plants started to be built.

Fifth

the 18th National Congress-Present

Stage of comprehensive environmental governance and ecological civilization construction

The Central Inspection Group and the Environmental Protection Supervision Group were set up to reform the environmental protection system and mechanism.

4.3. Inspection on the Classification of Residents Household Waste

In 2017, our country had carried out the Implementation Scheme of Household Waste Classification System formally, advocating that compulsory measures would be taken to ensure the smooth implementation of household waste classification in 46 key cities. Since this year, municipalities at prefecture level and above should start it in an all-round way. [9] Therefore, a questionnaire survey has been conducted on residents'understanding and observance of waste classification. The results are as follows:

Do you throw all the waste in the same bin (Figure 2)?

Often Occasionally Rarely Never have

Figure 2. Statistical Data.

Do you put the kitchen waste into the degradable bags and seal the mouth of them (Figure 3)?

Yes No

Figure 3. Statistical Data.

Will you throw the waste into the corresponding garbage bin (Figure 4)?

Yes No

Figure 4. Statistical Data

Have you received any education or publicity on garbage classification (Figure 5)?

Yes No

Figure 5. Statistical Data.

Can you clearly distinguish between recyclable and non-recyclable garbage (Figure 6)?

Be Able to understand very well A little bit Not at all

Figure 6. Statistical Data.

According to the statistical analysis of the survey data, it can be seen that the implementation of household waste classification in China has achieved initial success. However, there is still a long way to go to realize waste classification in an all-round way. To implement waste classification, strict laws and regulations should be enacted at the national level, capital investment should be increased, and the media must be used to disseminate relevant knowledge. Thus, the awareness of waste classification can take root.

4.4. Lead the Public to Protect the Environment Actively

Time magazine has warned that unless human beings are willing to adjust their way of life, any effort to protect the environment is doomed to fail. [10] Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill there is a famous saying:"people shape of environment and turns to the shape is like that."It is said that the behavior of people and the environment around, people in an ecological interaction on environment consciously and intentionally, but also under the influence and control of the surrounding environment. [11] People to change the world, and they change. Research shows that a person's behavior is the effect of three interdependent relationship and control. The first is the inner genetic, the second is accumulated experience in the interaction between man and the environment, and the third is the physical environment. The first two elements, the environmental designers realized, but less physical environment, can change the behavior of people designer affected. In Yongding, Fujian Province, China, Tulou ( Figure 7 , Figure 8 and Figure 9 ) is the best example of environmental shaping. Hakka migration to the war-in the south song dynasty of Yongding highlights reasons. At that time, is an isolated mountain the robber frequent place? For their own safety, they had to live together, build a huge circular building the invasion of the robber. Far from gradually, they formed a habit, live with traditional, and continue today. Not the robber after liberation, but still in Celtic circulation quality residential building and show that traditional living environment shaped their habits and behaviors. Many people believe that the quality of physical environment is very important people's health and happiness. Proshansky put forward:"when we are around the environment is a very different environment, as we know, it was just too neutral. Even so, it still needs to influence on people. Neglected environment is not equal to do not affect a person."Some behavior of the people should comply with the physical environment. For example, when we passed road sidewalk, we should abide by the traffic lights. Otherwise, you might be when the car crashed risk. It is through the indoor environment design personnel, the color will affect people's emotions. Environmental art exerts a subtle influence on the public's environmental protection act.

Figure 7. Appearance of Yongding Earth Building.

Figure 8. Interior of the Earth Building

Figure 9. Current situation of the earth buildings.

5. Conclusion

Art production environment of public environmental awareness of the industrialization of the cause? Based on the natural environment, perfect life space uses all sorts of technology and art method. It creates art of harmony living environment, and that man development and environmental resources. Public environmental awareness is affected by environmental art environment, ecological concept of aesthetic consciousness and environment of behavior.

Conflicts of Interest

The author declares that there is no conflict of interest regarding the publication of this article.

Copyright

© 2017 by the authors. Licensee International Technology and Science Press Limited. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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